World Countries > Shanghai Cooperation Organization(SCO)

Shanghai Cooperation Organization(SCO)

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a regional intergovernmental organization founded in 2001 by six member states: China, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. The organization was created to promote regional security, economic cooperation, and cultural exchange among its member states and has since expanded its scope to include other areas of collaboration, such as political, military, and energy issues.

The SCO has become an essential platform for its member states to cooperate on various issues, such as counterterrorism, regional security, economic development, and cultural exchange. In addition to the six member states, the SCO has four observer states (Afghanistan, Belarus, Iran, and Mongolia) and six dialogue partners (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Turkey). The SCO is often seen as a counterbalance to Western-led international organizations such as NATO, and it is considered an essential player in shaping the geopolitical landscape of Eurasia.

List of Shanghai Cooperation Organization member countries

Flag CountrySCO Member StatusJoined
Flag of ChinaChinaMember States2001
Flag of RussiaRussiaMember States2001
Flag of KazakhstanKazakhstanMember States2001
Flag of KyrgyzstanKyrgyzstanMember States2001
Flag of TajikistanTajikistanMember States2001
Flag of UzbekistanUzbekistanMember States2001
Flag of IndiaIndiaMember States2017
Flag of PakistanPakistanMember States2017
Flag of AfghanistanAfghanistanObserver
Flag of BelarusBelarusObserver
Flag of IranIranObserver
Flag of MongoliaMongoliaObserver
Flag of AzerbaijanAzerbaijanDialogue Partners
Flag of ArmeniaArmeniaDialogue Partners
Flag of CambodiaCambodiaDialogue Partners
Flag of NepalNepalDialogue Partners
Flag of TurkeyTurkeyDialogue Partners
Flag of Sri LankaSri LankaDialogue Partners
Flag of EgyptEgyptDialogue Partners
Flag of QatarQatarDialogue Partners
Flag of Saudi ArabiaSaudi ArabiaDialogue Partners
Flag of BahrainBahrainDialogue Partners
Flag of MaldivesMaldivesDialogue Partners
Flag of United Arab EmiratesUnited Arab EmiratesDialogue Partners
Flag of KuwaitKuwaitDialogue Partners
Flag of MyanmarMyanmarDialogue Partners