World Countries > The African Union (AU)

The African Union (AU)

The African Union (AU) is a continental organization comprising 55 member states in Africa. It was established in 2002 to replace the Organization of African Unity (OAU) to promote unity, solidarity, and cooperation among African countries and defend their sovereignty, territorial integrity, and independence.

The African Union has several organs, including the Assembly of the Union, the Executive Council, the Permanent Representatives Committee, and the Commission. The Assembly of the Union is the highest decision-making body, comprising all member states' heads of state and government. It meets once a year to set the agenda for the organization. The Executive Council is responsible for implementing the decisions of the Assembly, while the Commission is the AU's secretariat, responsible for implementing the organization's policies and programs.

The African Union has several objectives, including promoting political and economic integration among African countries, promoting peace and security, promoting democracy and human rights, and promoting sustainable development. The organization has also played an essential role in mediating conflicts and promoting peace on the continent.

List of African Union member countries

Flag CountryPopulationArea(km2)
Flag of AlgeriaAlgeria43,900,0002,381,741
Flag of AngolaAngola31,127,6741,246,700
Flag of BeninBenin11,733,059114,763
Flag of BotswanaBotswana2,254,068581,730
Flag of Burkina FasoBurkina Faso21,510,181274,200
Flag of BurundiBurundi11,865,82127,834
Flag of Cape VerdeCape Verde543,7674,033
Flag of CameroonCameroon26,545,864475,442
Flag of Central African RepublicCentral African Republic4,666,368622,984
Flag of ChadChad13,670,0841,284,000
Flag of ComorosComoros850,6881,861
Flag of Democratic Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo101,780,2632,345,409
Flag of Republic of the CongoRepublic of the Congo5,244,359342,000
Flag of Cote d'IvoireCote d'Ivoire26,378,274322,463
Flag of DjiboutiDjibouti921,80423,200
Flag of EgyptEgypt100,075,4801,010,408
Flag of Equatorial GuineaEquatorial Guinea1,308,97528,050
Flag of EritreaEritrea6,081,196117,600
Flag of EswatiniEswatini1,136,28117,364
Flag of EthiopiaEthiopia109,224,4141,104,300
Flag of GabonGabon2,119,275267,667
Flag of GambiaGambia2,173,99910,689
Flag of GhanaGhana31,072,940239,567
Flag of GuineaGuinea12,414,293245,857
Flag of Guinea-BissauGuinea-Bissau1,874,30336,125
Flag of GuyanaGuyana786,391214,970
Flag of KenyaKenya47,564,296580,367
Flag of LesothoLesotho2,108,32830,355
Flag of LiberiaLiberia5,073,296111,369
Flag of LibyaLibya6,871,2871,759,541
Flag of MadagascarMadagascar26,262,313587,041
Flag of MalawiMalawi19,129,952118,484
Flag of MaliMali20,250,8331,240,192
Flag of MauritaniaMauritania4,403,3131,030,000
Flag of MauritiusMauritius1,265,4752,040
Flag of MoroccoMorocco37,037,908710,850
Flag of MozambiqueMozambique30,066,648801,590
Flag of NamibiaNamibia2,746,745825,615
Flag of NigerNiger22,442,8311,267,000
Flag of NigeriaNigeria206,630,269923,769
Flag of RwandaRwanda12,374,39726,338
Flag of Sao Tome and PrincipeSao Tome and Principe211,0281,001
Flag of SenegalSenegal15,854,323196,712
Flag of SeychellesSeychelles97,096459
Flag of Sierra LeoneSierra Leone7,092,11371,740
Flag of SomaliaSomalia15,893,219637,657
Flag of South AfricaSouth Africa59,622,3501,221,037
Flag of South SudanSouth Sudan12,778,250619,745
Flag of SudanSudan41,592,5391,886,068
Flag of SurinameSuriname575,990163,821
Flag of SwedenSweden10,367,232450,295
Flag of TanzaniaTanzania56,313,438947,303
Flag of TogoTogo8,608,44456,785
Flag of TunisiaTunisia11,722,038163,610
Flag of UgandaUganda42,729,036241,038
Flag of UkraineUkraine41,743,935603,628
Flag of ZambiaZambia17,351,708752,618
Flag of ZimbabweZimbabwe14,215,809390,757