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European Union Countries

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 27 member states located primarily in Europe. The EU was founded in 1993 by the Maastricht Treaty, and it has since grown to become the world's largest single market, with a population of over 447 million people. It operates an internal (or single) market that allows the free movement of goods, capital, services, and people between member states.

The EU has undergone several waves of expansion, with the most recent enlargement in 2013 when Croatia became the 28th member state. However, the United Kingdom withdrew from the EU in 2020, leaving the current number of member states at 27.

The Euro is the official currency of 19 out of the 27 member states of the European Union. These countries are collectively known as the Eurozone. The Euro was introduced in 1999 as a digital currency, and physical Euro coins and banknotes were introduced in 2002. Denmark and Sweden have opted to retain their currencies, while others, such as Poland and Hungary, still need to meet the criteria for joining the Eurozone.

List of Countries in the European Union 2024

Flag Country SchengenEurozoneAccession Date
Flag of AustriaAustriaJanuary 1, 1995
Flag of BelgiumBelgiumMarch 25, 1957
Flag of BulgariaBulgariaJanuary 1, 2007
Flag of CroatiaCroatiaJuly 1, 2013
Flag of CyprusCyprusMay 1, 2004
Flag of CzechiaCzechiaMay 1, 2004
Flag of DenmarkDenmarkJanuary 1, 1973
Flag of EstoniaEstoniaMay 1, 2004
Flag of FinlandFinlandJanuary 1, 1995
Flag of FranceFranceMarch 25, 1957
Flag of GermanyGermanyMarch 25, 1957
Flag of GreeceGreeceJanuary 1, 1981
Flag of HungaryHungaryMay 1, 2004
Flag of IrelandIrelandJanuary 1, 1973
Flag of ItalyItalyMarch 25, 1957
Flag of LatviaLatviaMay 1, 2004
Flag of LithuaniaLithuaniaMay 1, 2004
Flag of LuxembourgLuxembourgMarch 25, 1957
Flag of MaltaMaltaMay 1, 2004
Flag of NetherlandsNetherlandsMarch 25, 1957
Flag of PolandPolandMay 1, 2004
Flag of PortugalPortugalJanuary 1, 1986
Flag of RomaniaRomaniaJanuary 1, 2007
Flag of SlovakiaSlovakiaMay 1, 2004
Flag of SloveniaSloveniaMay 1, 2004
Flag of SpainSpainJanuary 1, 1986
Flag of SwedenSwedenJanuary 1, 1995